Hon. Muwanga Kivumbi was unamused by the majority report and noted that the government could be losing well up to Shs8 trillion in tax exemptions, which he said makes no sense in light of budgeting constraints occasioned by pressures on the national resource envelope.
“We have almost Shs8 trillion in tax exemptions; we have just highlighted a few; others are getting corporation tax holidays, which are taxes on profits…they come here, they get free electricity and land, and then they do not pay tax,” he said.
The shadow minister listed some entities against the proposed exemptions they are to get, which totalled Shs588 billion, a figure he said should be collected to finance the budget.
“If we can recover only Shs4 trillion from the tax exemptions, we can balance our budget and implement it; it is about time we launched an inquiry into tax exemptions in Uganda,” said MP Muwanga Kivumbi.
On account of this, Deputy Speaker Tayebwa said since there is a committee established by Parliament to look into the tax exemptions for Bujagali Hydropower Project, the same committee can look into all exemptions.
“We have a committee to look into the tax exemptions of Bujagali; we should not go into the budget cycle without the report; if you have done a good job, we shall give you the other entities to also look at expeditiously in two weeks,” said Tayebwa.
Go slow on ambitious budget
The majority committee report called for a go-slow on the nearly Shs50 trillion projected budget for Financial Year 2023/24.
In its report on the National Budget Framework Paper presented, committee deputy chairperson, Hon. Ignatius Wamakuyu Mudimi, said the resource envelope may not be sufficient to cover planned expenditures.
“…it will be necessary to put planning and budgeting on a more fiscally realistic path due to the current global economic challenges,” said Hon. Wamakuyu Mudimi.
Whereas the committee noted a projected Shs1.8 trillion increase in domestic revenue mobilisation efforts, it worries that a big chunk of the budget will go to debt and statutory payments, further leaving near to nothing for actual development work.
Of the Shs49.9 trillion that will be on the table for distribution, already 64.1 per cent of that is likely to be channelled to debt and recurrent expenditure, leaving only 35.9 per cent for development expenditure, which has the potential to positively impact economic growth.
“The proposed resource prioritisation is very worrying and could indicate that our fiscal operations may not be sustainable in the long run as debt-related payments continue to take the lion’s share of the budget,” he said.
Hon. Wamakuyu Mudimi said the focus should be evenly put on both human capital development initiatives to improve quality of life
Even then, noted the committee, the biggest chunk of the development budget goes into infrastructure, which the committee said may not be very sustainable in alleviating rising poverty and unemployment.
The focus, said the committee deputy chairperson, should be evenly put on both human capital development initiatives to improve the quality of life.
“The committee recommends that there is a need to strike a balance between and human capital development as well as re-engage development partners, especially under the programme of human capital development; investments in social sectors especially health, education and social protection have a direct impact on poverty and income inequality,” he said.
Substantive debate on the matter is slated for Tuesday, 31 January 2023.
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